Cosmetic Surgery: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Phẫu thuật thẩm mỹ.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of cosmetic surgery.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

The desire to change one’s appearance to be more beautiful and more perfect is common – and even stronger among people born with defects on their face or body. Many people – men and women, young or old – seek cosmetic surgery to bring them closer to their ideal.

Some make small, subtle, and careful repairs, but some change far more. With rapidly growing technology, surgeons can perform face shaping, bone resection, fat removal, lip filling, and enlargement of parts of the body, such as the breasts or buttocks – anything to help an ugly duckling to feel like a swan. After successful surgery, many people feel more confident and happier, and some achieve greater prosperity, both personal and financial.

But what about unsuccessful surgery? Rounder eyes, a more prominent nose, or fuller lips might be inconsistent with one’s face, resulting in disappointment or even guilt. Many people spend a lot of money on cosmetic procedures but still suffer surgical failure. Even worse, some suffer serious medical issues, including infections, paralysis, permanent scarring, or even death.

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Leaders: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Người lảnh đạo.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of leaders.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Countries, businesses, and even schools need leaders. There are many talented leaders in many places around the world, but, in order to succeed, leaders need to be multi-skilled and well-rounded.

In addition to basic knowledge, leaders must be constantly learning and improving their relevant skills. They must assess issues quickly, analyse, judge risks, facilitate, choose the most appropriate solutions, and make decisions. They need insight to prepare for alternative outcomes and to avoid simply reacting to crises. Most importantly, they must know how to focus on their own strengths, not attempt too many tasks at the same time, and learn to rely on those who have more time and ability than they do, because no person is an expert in everything.

Leaders do not work alone. They only succeed when they gather the inspiration, experience, wisdom, and knowledge of others and empower and guide them to achieve. A critical quality is having the right attitude – knowing how to motivate through incentives, encouragement, and support, ensuring those whom they lead feel valuable.

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Dinosaurs: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Khủng long.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of dinosaurs.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Dinosaurs have fascinated humans since the first fossilized bones were discovered by ancient people, who created myths about giants, dragons, and winged lions to explain what they had found. Dinosaurs ranged in size from great beasts larger than any animal now on the Earth to tiny lizards. Indeed, not all dinosaurs died out. Some, like sharks and crocodiles, survived and remain, virtually unchanged, in the modern world. However, it is the giant and almost alien animals that ruled the Earth that most capture the imagination: the enormous long-necked plant-eaters and the terrifying, roaring meat-eaters with rows of sharp teeth.

Perhaps most fascinating are the features of dinosaurs that no longer exist among animals, like the armoured spines of the stegosaurus, the thick skull plates of the pachycephalosaurus, or the giant sail of the spinosaurus. There can also be a sense of relief in realising how terrifying life might have been had humans lived at that time, with predators swooping from the sky not just to catch fish, but also people, and carnivores capable of running faster than a man and swallowing him whole.

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Toilet Paper: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Giấy vệ sinh.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of toilet paper.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

There is no toilet paper on the shelves of supermarkets in Europe, America, and Australia.

Fear has spread, leading to panic shopping, in which people buy more than they need. Food that lasts a long time, such as rice or canned soup, is perhaps the most important, but, bizarrely, the product in most demand is toilet paper. This might be because it is cheap and will eventually be used, unlike some more expensive items that will not last as long and will sooner or later be discarded.

Dramatically, three men with knives and masks threatened a driver who was delivering toilet paper to a supermarket in Hong Kong and stole 600 rolls. The toilet paper was later found hidden in a nearby guesthouse, where police arrested two suspects, while the third was still on the run.

The British Prime Minister has urged people not to stockpile and expressed confidence that stores will still receive supplies, and manufacturers have said they have more than sufficient production capacity. In Australia, officials have urged people to stop panic shopping because there are no shortages. Yet the shelves are empty, and some people are running out because others have too much.

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Mangroves (Part 1): English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Rừng ngập mặn.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of mangroves (part 1).

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Mangrove swamps are communities of mangrove trees located in tropical or subtropical coastal areas because they cannot tolerate cold temperatures. In Vietnam, mangroves are common in the South, especially in the Mekong Delta.

Mangrove trees are sometimes called “survivors,” because they have special roots that grow out of the water, in hot conditions, and in brackish water where there is high salinity and low oxygen. Each mangrove tree has a filtration system to protect it from sea salt intrusion, along with a specialised root system that allows the tree to breathe in mud or during high tide.

Mangroves also have an extremely diverse ecosystem. They are home to many wildlife species, such as crocodiles, birds, tigers, deer, monkeys, and bees. Many migratory birds depend on mangroves, including cranes, pelicans, and storks. The area under the complex network of mangrove roots is also a unique habitat – a quiet, safe environment for the children of many animals. Mud shrimp and lobster use the mud below the mangroves to build houses, and mangrove crabs eat the trees’ leaves, which also add nutrients to the mud, becoming a food source for many other bottom-dwelling creatures.

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Mangroves (Part 2): English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Rừng ngập mặn.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of mangroves (part 2).

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Mangroves act as green lungs to filter carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. In a report by a team of professors from the Centre for International Forestry Research, mangroves store five times more carbon per square kilometre than other forests. Indonesia has the largest area of mangroves in the world, and the quantity of CO2 that those forests can absorb is equivalent to the CO2 emissions from all the country’s cars. Not only that, mangroves help remove excess nutrients, sediment, and pollutants from oceans and rivers. They thus help to purify water for surrounding ecosystems through complex biochemical processes – breaking down, metabolizing, and absorbing toxic substances.

Mangroves protect land by reducing coastal erosion and defend people, buildings, and fields from natural disasters, such as typhoons, floods, and tsunamis. The trunks, branches, and roots of mangroves act as barriers that reduce the effects of waves, flooding, and strong winds, while helping to maintain the land area by retaining and binding appropriate materials. If that weren’t enough, mangroves provide jobs for people living in the region, including those in the tourism industry who benefit from visitors thrilled by the unique surroundings.

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Buying a House: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Mua một căn nhà.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of buying a house.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Buying a house can be simpler in some countries than it is in Vietnam. Although there are restrictions in some cities on who can purchase a property – to ensure that local people can afford a place to live – there are usually no restraints on who can own real estate in most Western countries. You don’t even need to have a visa.

What you do need, however, is money. The simplest way is to save the money, but, because houses can cost a tremendous amount, most people need to borrow from a bank. This requires a special type of loan, called a mortgage. A mortgage is unusual because it is secured, which means that, if you don’t pay what you owe, the bank can sell the house to get its money back. The process of getting a mortgage can be challenging and require you to prove that you can afford to pay the money back, usually through your job. Nevertheless, owning your own house can be wonderful because you are free to do with it whatever you choose, and you don’t have to deal with annoying neighbours in the apartment upstairs!

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Victoria Falls: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Victoria Falls.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of Victoria Falls.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Located on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, Victoria Falls is one of the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in the world. It was discovered by Scottish explorer David Livingstone in 1885 and named after Queen Victoria of Great Britain.

Victoria Falls consists of four waterfalls, separated by small islands. The falls originate from the calm waters of the Zambezi River, but when they reach Victoria Falls, the water suddenly falls more than 100 metres, creating a spectacular scene. In the rainy season, the water falls like a hurricane, with thousands of cubic metres of water cascading every second, creating mountains of froth and foam and forming a fog that can be seen from 50km away. The water droplets in the air and the bright African sun create an almost perpetual rainbow.

In the dry season, there is less water, exposing small pools at the top of the waterfall that are only large enough for a few people to sit in. Though they offer spectacular views, they are called death pools as the rushing water constantly threatens to drag bathers into the abyss.

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Mobs: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Đám đông.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of mobs.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

In 1993, newspapers and magazines around the world published a picture of a hungry Sudanese child collapsing on his way to a rescue station – behind him, a vulture waiting. The photographer, Kevin Carter, took his own life shortly afterwards, having been repeatedly accused of cruelty for taking pictures but refusing to help. Yet journalists working in Sudan had been warned to avoid contact with people to avoid spreading disease. The only thing he could do was kick the vulture away. The anonymous crowd of people who condemned him soon learned that, thanks to his photograph, the world had seen how hungry and miserable life in Africa could be. He may not have helped the child, but he indirectly helped save many lives.

Crowd behaviour, also called mob psychology, is the effect of the actions of many people pressuring individuals to make decisions based on what others are doing rather than their own reasoning. Although it can be negative and lead to destructive mobs – both in real life and online – it can also encourage people to expend efforts to do good and work together to earn the acceptance and membership of the crowd.

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Imports: English Treasure – Vocabulary, Listening, Pronunciation



Học từ mới, luyện phát âm các từ vựng và trau dồi kỹ năng nghe bài đọc tiếng Anh qua chủ đề Hàng nhập khẩu.

Study vocabulary and pronunciation, and practice listening to English words related to the topic of imports.

All images sourced from unsplash.com and pexels.com or created by English Treasure.
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Lesson script:

Imports are quite familiar to Vietnamese people. The preference for imported goods is partly a matter of style, distinctiveness, and variety – not only in high-value products, like electronics and fashion, but also name-brand consumer goods. It is also partly a matter of trust in product quality. Imports from Europe, the USA, Japan, and Korea meet the standards that are not only set, but also enforced, in those countries – something which cannot always be said for goods that are sold domestically.

The domestic market is, unfortunately, rife with goods of unknown origin, including poor quality imports from countries with lax regulations and cheap products made in China that carry false labels and result in domestic brands losing consumer trust. There are still Vietnamese brands with high standards, but the prices may not be competitive with poor quality fakes or the designs may be less attractive than the high-end imports from Europe or America. Yet there are also disadvantages to buying imports, including the practical challenge of shipping, the costs of paying intermediaries and taxes, and often the uncertainty as to whether the goods will be lost or seized before being delivered.

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